Radioguided sentinel lymph node detection in vulvar cancer

Carla Merisio, R. Berretta, M. Gualdi, D. C. Pultrone, S. Anfuso, G. Agnese, C. Aprile, L. Mereu, S. Salamano, S. Tateo, M. Melpignano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lymph node status is the most important prognostic factor in vulvar cancer. Histologically, sentinel nodes may be representative of the status of the other regional nodes. Identification and histopathologic evaluation of sentinel nodes could then have a significant impact on clinical management and surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of sentinel lymph node detection by preoperative lymphoscintigraphy with technetium-99 m-labeled nanocolloid, followed by radioguided intraoperative detection. Nine patients with stage T1, N0, M0, and 11 patients with stage T2, N0, M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva were included in the study. Only three cases had lesions exceeding 3.5 cm in diameter. Sentinel nodes were detected in 100% of cases. A total of 30 inguinofemoral lymphadenectomies were performed, with a mean of 10 surgically removed nodes. Histological examination revealed 17 true negative sentinel nodes, 2 true positive, and 1 false negative. In our case series, sentinel lymph node detection had a 95% diagnostic accuracy, with only one false negative. Based on literature evidence, the sentinel node procedure is feasible and reliable in vulvar cancer; however, the value of sentinel node dissection in the treatment of early-stage vulvar cancer still needs to be confirmed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-497
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

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Keywords

  • Lymphoscintigraphy
  • Sentinel node
  • Vulvar cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Merisio, C., Berretta, R., Gualdi, M., Pultrone, D. C., Anfuso, S., Agnese, G., Aprile, C., Mereu, L., Salamano, S., Tateo, S., & Melpignano, M. (2005). Radioguided sentinel lymph node detection in vulvar cancer. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, 15(3), 493-497. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1438.2005.15314.x