Radiomics of MRI for the prediction of the pathological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients: A single referral centre analysis

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Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to determine whether radiomic features extracted from a highly homogeneous database of breast MRI could non-invasively predict pathological complete responses (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in patients with breast cancer. Methods: One hundred patients with breast cancer receiving NACT in a single center (01/2017–06/2019) and undergoing breast MRI were retrospectively evaluated. For each patient, radiomic features were extracted within the biopsy-proven tumor on T1-weighted (T1-w) contrast-enhanced MRI performed before NACT. The pCR to NACT was determined based on the final surgical specimen. The association of clinical/biological and radiomic features with response to NACT was evaluated by univariate and multivariable analysis by using random forest and logistic regression. The performances of all models were assessed using the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Eighty-three patients (mean (SD) age, 47.26 (8.6) years) were included. Patients with HER2+, basal-like molecular subtypes and Ki67 ≥ 20% presented a pCR to NACT more frequently; the clinical/biological model’s AUC (95% CI) was 0.81 (0.71–0.90). Using 136 representative radiomics features selected through cluster analysis from the 1037 extracted features, a radiomic score was calculated to predict the response to NACT, with AUC (95% CI): 0.64 (0.51–0.75). After combining the clinical/biological and radiomics models, the AUC (95% CI) was 0.83 (0.73–0.92). Conclusions: MRI-based radiomic features slightly improved the pre-treatment prediction of pCR to NACT, in addiction to biological characteristics. If confirmed on larger cohorts, it could be helpful to identify such patients, to avoid unnecessary treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4271
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Oncology
  • Radiomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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