Introduction. Adenocarcinoma of the endometrium is the most common invasive genital malignancy in women and the majority of the cases are in stage I (80-85%) at the time of diagnosis. Total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is the treatment of choice for most patients with uterine carcinoma. However, a number of women with endometrial cancer cannot undergo surgical treatment because of poor medical conditions. In these patients, who cannot tolerate surgery, radiation therapy is the only effective alternative. It is performed either as external treatment plus intracavitary brachytherapy or as brachytherapy alone. This retrospective study reports our data on survival. complications and local control in a consecutive series of patients treated with curative radiotherapy. Material and methods. From January, 1985, to December 1995, at the Radiotherapy Department of "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" Hospital in San Giovanni Rotondo (Foggia, Italy), 60 patients were treated with combined external beam radiation therapy (ERT) and high dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy (HDR-BRT) or with high dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy alone. The average age of patients was 69 years (range 50-90). FIGO stage distribution was: 41 patients in stage I. 11 in stage II and 8 in stage III. The ERT was given by means of 6-8 MV linear accelerator, with conventional technique (with two opposed AP-PA pelvic fields in 15 patients, with the four fields-box technique in 41 patients) and a daily fraction to a total dose of 45-50 Gy. HDR-BRT was delivered by means of an HDR remote afterloading unit, containing a linear source of 192-Iridium (370 Gbq). The dose was specified to Point A in 32 patients and to uterine outline in 26. 2-3 intracavitary insertions (mean dose 6-8 Gy per fraction) were performed with weekly intervals. Results. At the time of the analysis, all the patients were available for follow-up. Median follow-up was 25 months. 60% of patients were alive and well with no evidence of disease; 3.3% were alive with disease: 20% had died of this and 16.7% of other diseases. Five-year actuarial specific survival, obtained with the Kaplan and Meier method, was 77.7% in stage I, 90% in stage II, and 75% in stage III. Local relapses were observed in 14 patients. Complications (grade 2-3) scored with the French-Italian Glossary, were gastrointestinal in 10% of cases and genital in 6.6%. Conclusions. Radical radiotherapy achieved acceptable specific survival, local control and complications rates in patients with medically or surgically inoperable uterine carcinomas.Complications and survival rates, in our experience, are consistent with the literature data. The treatment is confortable for the patients. because there is no need for long immobilization and it can frequently be performed on an outpatient basis. Besides, the completely standardized procedure was carried out easily with reinote control allowing maximal radiation protection.
|Translated title of the contribution||Radiotherapy alone in endometrial cancer: Our personal experience|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging