Radiotherapy of Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Nonrigid Image-Based Registration Method for Automatic Localization of Prechemotherapy Gross Tumor Volume

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Abstract

Purpose: To improve the contouring of clinical target volume for the radiotherapy of neck Hodgkin/non-Hodgkin lymphoma by localizing the prechemotherapy gross target volume onto the simulation computed tomography using [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography. Material and Methods: The gross target volume delineated on prechemotherapy [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography images was warped onto simulation computed tomography using deformable image registration. Fifteen patients with neck Hodgkin/non-Hodgkin lymphoma were analyzed. Quality of image registration was measured by computing the Dice similarity coefficient on warped organs at risk. Five radiation oncologists visually scored the localization of automatic gross target volume, ranking it from 1 (wrong) to 5 (excellent). Deformable registration was compared to rigid registration by computing the overlap index between the automatic gross target volume and the planned clinical target volume and quantifying the V95 coverage. Results: The Dice similarity coefficient was 0.80 ± 0.07 (median ± quartiles). The physicians’ survey had a median score equal to 4 (good). By comparing the rigid versus deformable registration, the overlap index increased from a factor of about 4 and the V95 (percentage of volume receiving the 95% of the prescribed dose) went from 0.84 ± 0.38 to 0.99 ± 0.10 (median ± quartiles). Conclusion: This study demonstrates the impact of using deformable registration between prechemotherapy [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography and simulation computed tomography, in order to automatically localize the gross target volume for radiotherapy treatment of patients with Hodgkin/non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-364
Number of pages10
JournalTechnology in Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

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Keywords

  • deformable registration
  • GTV identification
  • neck lymphoma
  • [F]FDG-PET/CT radiation planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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