Radiotherapy of prostate cancer: Impact of treatment characteristics on the incidence of second tumors

Milly Buwenge, Erica Scirocco, Francesco Deodato, Gabriella Macchia, Maria Ntreta, Silvia Bisello, Giambattista Siepe, Savino Cilla, Anna Rita Alitto, Vincenzo Valentini, Lidia Strigari, Alessio G. Morganti, Silvia Cammelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: It has been hypothesized that radiotherapy (RT) techniques delivering radiations to larger volumes (IMRT, VMAT) are potentially associated with a higher risk of second primary tumors. The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of RT technique (3D-CRT vs IMRT/VMAT) on the incidence of second tumors in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Methods: A retrospective study on 2526 previously irradiated PCa patients was performed. Patients were treated with 3D-CRT (21.3%), IMRT (68.1%), or VMAT (10.6%). Second tumors incidence was analysed in 3 categories: pelvic, pelvic and abdominal, and "any site". The correlation with RT technique was analysed using log-rank test and Cox's proportional hazard method. Results: With a median follow-up of 72 months (range: 9-185), 92 (3.6%) cases of second tumors were recorded with 48 months (range: 9-152) median interval from RT. Actuarial 10-year second tumor free survival (STFS) was 87.3%. Ten-year STFS in patients treated with 3D-CRT and IMRT/VMAT was 85.8 and 84.5%, respectively (p:.627). A significantly higher 10-year cumulative incidence of second tumors in the pelvis was registered in patients treated with IMRT/VMAT compared to 3D-CRT (10.7% vs 6.0%; p:.033). The lower incidence of second pelvic cancers in patients treated with 3D-CRT was confirmed at multivariable analysis (HR: 2.42, 95%CI: 1.07-5.47, p:.034). Conclusions: The incidence of second pelvic tumors after RT of PCa showed a significant correlation with treatment technique. Further analyses in larger series with prolonged follow-up are needed to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number90
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 3 2020

Keywords

  • 3D-conformal radiotherapy
  • Intensity modulated radiotherapy
  • Prostate neoplasms
  • Second malignancy
  • Volumetric modulated arc therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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