Radiotoxicity of iodine-125 and other Auger-electron-emitting radionuclides: Background to therapy

S. James Adelstein, Amin I. Kassis, Lisa Bodei, Giuliano Mariani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Auger-electron cascades with their ability to deposit energy in extremely small volumes, typically in the range of cubic nanometers, have served as valuable probes of radiobiologic phenomena. Results from their experimental use form part of the evidence that nuclear DNA is the most radiosensitive cell element; that chromosomal aberrations and large scale double-strand breaks are correlated with reproductive survival; that neoplastic transformation and also mutagenesis are greatest at low doses with high specific ionization; and that, like high linear-energy-transfer radiation, Auger-electron cascades can lead to bystander effects. We have also learned that radiobiologic responses to Auger-electron emission are particularly sensitive to the site of decay, not only within the cell but also in the nucleus within the fine structure of chromatin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-316
Number of pages16
JournalCancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • Auger-electron emitters
  • Biologic effects
  • DNA damage
  • Radionuclide therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology
  • Oncology


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