RAI(ShcC/N-Shc)-dependent recruitment of GAB1 to RET oncoproteins potentiates PI3-K signalling in thyroid tumors

Valentina De Falco, Valentina Guarino, Luca Malorni, Anna Maria Cirafici, Flavia Troglio, Marco Erreni, Giuliana Pelicci, Massimo Santoro, Rosa Marina Melillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

RAI, also named ShcC/N-Shc, one of the members of the Shc proteins family, is a substrate of the RET receptor tyrosine kinase. Here, we show that RAI forms a protein complex with both RET/MEN2A and RET/PTC oncoproteins. By coimmunoprecipitation, we found that RAI associates with the Grb2-associated binder1 (GAB1) adapter. This association is constitutive, but, in the presence of RET oncoproteins, both RAI and GAB1 are tyrosine-phosphorylated, and the stoichiometry of this interaction remarkably increases. Consequently, the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K) is recruited to the complex, and its downstream effector Akt is activated. We show that human thyroid cancer cell lines derived from papillary or medullary thyroid carcinoma (PTC or MTC) carrying, respectively, RET/PTC and RET/MEN2A oncoproteins express RAI proteins. We also show that human PTC samples express higher levels of RAI, when compared to normal thyroid tissue. In thyroid cells expressing RET/PTC1, ectopic expression of RAI protects cells from apoptosis; on the other hand, the silencing of endogenous RAI by small inhibitory duplex RNAs in a PTC cell line that expresses endogenous RET/PTC1, increases the rate of spontaneous apoptosis. These data suggest that RAI is a critical substrate for RET oncoproteins in thyroid carcinomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6303-6313
Number of pages11
JournalOncogene
Volume24
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2005

Keywords

  • RAI and GAB1 adaptors
  • RET oncogenes
  • Thyroid tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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