Ranitidine bismuth citrate with either clarithromycin 1 g/day or 1.5 g/day is equally effective in the eradication of H. pylori and healing of duodenal ulcer

G. Dobrilla, G. Di Matteo, M. Dodero, A. Fratton, G. Iaquinto, P. Loriga, S. Marchi, L. Marzio, R. Muratori, D. Pacini, A. Saggioro, V. Savarino, P. Spinelli, G. Zamboni, P. Fina, R. Tosatto, A. Olivieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: No randomized double-blind studies have been performed to compare clarithromycin 1 g/day with higher doses of the macrolide (1.5 g/day) when combined with ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC). Aim: To compare H. pylori eradication and ulcer healing rates of RBC 400 mg b.d. for 4 weeks combined for the first 2 weeks either with clarithromycin 500 mg b.d. (Group A) or clarithromycin 500 mg t.d.s. (Group B). Methods: Two hundred and seventy-three patients with H. pylori-positive active duodenal ulcer were included. H. pylori infection was detected by CLO-test and histology on antral and corpus biopsies before and at least 4 weeks after the end of therapy. Eradication was assumed if both CLO-test and histology results were negative for H. pylori. Results: Eradication/healing rates according to intention-to-treat and per protocol analysis were 76/82% and 87/92% for Group A and 78/85% and 88/95% for Group B, respectively (P = N.s.). Adverse events were reported by 7% and 12% of patients in Groups A and B, respectively, and they were generally mild. Conclusions: RBC in co-prescription with clarithromycin 500 mg b.d. is as effective as RBC plus clarithromycin 500 t.d.s. in eradicating H. pylori and healing duodenal ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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