Rapid serotyping of human rotavirus strains by solid-phase immune electron microscopy

G. Gerna, N. Passarani, M. Battaglia, E. Percivalle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nine cell culture-adapted, as well as 30 clinical, human rotavirus (HRV) strains from fecal extracts of children with primary HRV infection were typed by rapid solid-phase immune electron microscopy with protein A and absorbed DS-1 (HRV serotype 2), Wa (serotype 1), and VA 70 (assumed serotype 3) rabbit immune sera. As a reference typing test for cell culture-adapted strains, the neutralization assay was used, whereas for noncultivatable strains typing was done for comparison, indirectly, based upon the differential neutralization reactivity of convalescent-phase samples from patients with primary HRV infection versus the three reference HRV serotypes. Typing results by solid-phase immune electron microscopy for all strains examined were in complete agreement with those obtained by the neutralization assay, both on cell culture-adapted strains with the three reference rabbit antisera and on three reference HRV strains with human convalescent-phase serum samples. Since adaptation to growth in cell cultures of clinical HRV strains from stool specimens is a time-consuming procedure and is often unsuccessful, solid-phase immune electron microscopy is preferred over the neutralization assay, giving results in about 16 h and also allowing typing of HRV strains from stool specimens low in virus particles. In addition, HRV strains reacting differently from the three reference serotypes may be easily selected by solid-phase immune electron microscopy for further characterization, as was the case for one strain in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-278
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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