Rare causes of early-onset dystonia-parkinsonism with cognitive impairment: a de novo PSEN-1 mutation

Miryam Carecchio, Marina Picillo, Lorella Valletta, Antonio E. Elia, Tobias B. Haack, Autilia Cozzolino, Annalisa Vitale, Barbara Garavaglia, Arcangela Iuso, Caterina F. Bagella, Sabina Pappatà, Paolo Barone, Holger Prokisch, Luigi Romito, Valeria Tiranti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mutations in PSEN1 are responsible for familial Alzheimer’s disease (FAD) inherited as autosomal dominant trait, but also de novo mutations have been rarely reported in sporadic early-onset dementia cases. Parkinsonism in FAD has been mainly described in advanced disease stages. We characterized a patient presenting with early-onset dystonia-parkinsonism later complicated by dementia and myoclonus. Brain MRI showed signs of iron accumulation in the basal ganglia mimicking neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) as well as fronto-temporal atrophy. Whole exome sequencing revealed a novel PSEN1 mutation and segregation within the family demonstrated the mutation arose de novo. We suggest considering PSEN1 mutations in cases of dystonia-parkinsonism with positive DAT-Scan, later complicated by progressive cognitive decline and cortical myoclonus even without a dominant family history.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-178
Number of pages4
JournalNeurogenetics
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017

Keywords

  • Dystonia
  • NBIA
  • NGS
  • Parkinsonism
  • PSEN1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Carecchio, M., Picillo, M., Valletta, L., Elia, A. E., Haack, T. B., Cozzolino, A., Vitale, A., Garavaglia, B., Iuso, A., Bagella, C. F., Pappatà, S., Barone, P., Prokisch, H., Romito, L., & Tiranti, V. (2017). Rare causes of early-onset dystonia-parkinsonism with cognitive impairment: a de novo PSEN-1 mutation. Neurogenetics, 18(3), 175-178. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10048-017-0518-4