Natural killer receptor protein 1 (NKR-P1, a family of proteins), which is a dimeric transmembrane protein predominantly on rat and murine natural killer cells, contains an extracellular motif related to calcium-dependent animal lectins. The domain architecture of this protein and the finding that its cross-linking with antibody results in activation of natural killer cells make it a promising candidate for a receptor function. We have expressed a full-length NKR-P1 protein of the rat in COS cells and prepared soluble extracellular fragments by controlled proteolysis or by expression of truncated cDNA in bacteria. Dimerization of soluble NKR-P1 is predominantly dependent on the presence of an intact juxtamembrane stalk region and independent of N-glycosylation. Binding and inhibition studies using monosaccharides and neoglycoconjugates indicate that NKR-P1 is a lectin with a preference order of GalNAc > GlcNAc >> Fuc >> Gal > Man. At neutral pH, Ca2+ is tightly associated with the protein such that only a proportion can be removed by 10 mM EGTA. However, NKR-P1 can be decalcified completely at pH 10 with a total loss of carbohydrate binding. After recalcification at pH 8, carbohydrate binding is completely restored. Thus, NKR-P1 differs from other calcium-dependent animal lectins investigated so far in its pattern of monosaccharide recognition and in the tightness of Ca2+ binding.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 17 1994|
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