Zn2+ can enter mitochondria and promote a plethora of physiological and patho-physiological effects. The issue of measuring changes in intramitochondrial levels is therefore critical. Past studies have employed fluorescent Zn2+ indicators, like Rhod-2 and RhodZin-3, however, the use of these probes is impaired by their extramitochondrial sequestration. In this study, we show that the ratiometric mitochondria-targeted pericam, RPmt, can be employed to detect changes of intramitochondrial free Zn2+ ([Zn2+]m) levels. Using RPmt in neuronal and non neuronal cell lines we demonstrate that mitochondria can take up the cation mobilized from the cytosolic pool of protein-bound Zn2+ and that mitochondrial Zn2+ sequestration is largely mediated by the activity of the Ca2+ uniporter.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience