Re-assessing acalculia: Distinguishing spatial and purely arithmetical deficits in right-hemisphere damaged patients

S Benavides-Varela, D Piva, F Burgio, L Passarini, G Rolma, F Meneghello, C Semenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Arithmetical deficits in right-hemisphere damaged patients have been traditionally considered secondary to visuo-spatial impairments, although the exact relationship between the two deficits has rarely been assessed. The present study implemented a voxelwise lesion analysis among 30 right-hemisphere damaged patients and a controlled, matched-sample, cross-sectional analysis with 35 cognitively normal controls regressing three composite cognitive measures on standardized numerical measures. The results showed that patients and controls significantly differ in Number comprehension, Transcoding, and Written operations, particularly subtractions and multiplications. The percentage of patients performing below the cutoffs ranged between 27% and 47% across these tasks. Spatial errors were associated with extensive lesions in fronto-temporo-parietal regions -which frequently lead to neglect- whereas pure arithmetical errors appeared related to more confined lesions in the right angular gyrus and its proximity. Stepwise regression models consistently revealed that spatial errors were primarily predicted by composite measures of visuo-spatial attention/neglect and representational abilities. Conversely, specific errors of arithmetic nature linked to representational abilities only. Crucially, the proportion of arithmetical errors (ranging from 65% to 100% across tasks) was higher than that of spatial ones. These findings thus suggest that unilateral right hemisphere lesions can directly affect core numerical/arithmetical processes, and that right-hemisphere acalculia is not only ascribable to visuo-spatial deficits as traditionally thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-164
Number of pages14
JournalCortex
Volume88
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dyscalculia/diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality/physiology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Mathematics
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Perceptual Disorders/diagnostic imaging
  • Problem Solving/physiology
  • Space Perception/physiology
  • Stroke/complications

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