Reactive atrial-based antitachycardia pacing therapy reduces atrial tachyarrhythmias

George H. Crossley, Luigi Padeletti, Steven Zweibel, J. Harrison Hudnall, Yan Zhang, Giuseppe Boriani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Reactive atrial-based antitachycardia pacing (rATP) aims to terminate atrial tachyarrhythmia/atrial fibrillation (AT/AF) episodes when they spontaneously organize to atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia; however, its effectiveness in the real-world has not been studied. We used a large device database (Medtronic CareLink, Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) to evaluate the effects of rATP at reducing AT/AF. Methods: Pacemaker, defibrillator, and resynchronization device transmission data were analyzed. Eligible patients had device detected AT/AF during a baseline period but were not in persistent AT/AF immediately preceding first transmission. Note that 1:1 individual matching between groups was conducted using age, sex, device type, pacing mode, AT/AF, and percent ventricular pacing at baseline. Risks of AT/AF events were compared between patients with rATP-enabled versus control patients with rATP-disabled or not available in the device. For matched patients, AT/AF event rates at 2 years were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method, and hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated by Cox proportional hazard models. Results: Of 43,440 qualifying patients, 4,203 had rATP on. Matching resulted in 4,016 pairs, totaling 8,032 patients for analysis. The rATP group experienced significantly lower risks of AT/AF events lasting ≥1 day (HR 0.81), ≥7 days (HR 0.64), and ≥30 days (HR 0.56) compared to control (P < 0.0001 for all). In subgroup analysis, rATP was associated with reduced risks of AT/AF events across age, sex, device type, baseline AT/AF, and preventive atrial pacing. Conclusions: Among real-world patients from a large device database, rATP therapy was significantly associated with a reduced risk of AT/AF. This association was independent of whether the patient had a pacemaker, defibrillator, or resynchronization device.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • atrial flutter
  • atrial tachycardia
  • defibrillator
  • pacemaker
  • pacing
  • reactive ATP
  • resynchronization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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