Reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress, and cell death correlate with level of CoQ10 deficiency

Catarina M. Quinzii, Luis C. López, Robert W. Gilkerson, Beatriz Dorado, Jorida Coku, Ali B. Naini, Clotilde Lagier-Tourenne, Markus Schuelke, Leonardo Salviati, Rosalba Carrozzo, Filippo Santorelli, Shamima Rahman, Meriem Tazir, Michel Koenig, Salvatore DiMauro, Michio Hirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is essential for electron transport in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and antioxidant defense. The relative importance of respiratory chain defects, ROS production, and apoptosis in the pathogenesis of CoQ10 deficiency is unknown. We determined previously that severe CoQ10 deficiency in cultured skin fibroblasts harboring COQ2 and PDSS2 mutations produces divergent alterations of bioenergetics and oxidative stress. Here, to better understand the pathogenesis of CoQ10 deficiency, we have characterized the effects of varying severities of CoQ10 deficiency on ROS production and mitochondrial bioenergetics in cells harboring genetic defects of CoQ10 biosynthesis. Levels of CoQ10 seem to correlate with ROS production; 10-15% and >60% residual CoQ10 are not associated with significant ROS production, whereas 30-50% residual CoQ10 is accompanied by increased ROS production and cell death. Our results confirm that varying degrees of CoQ10 deficiency cause variable defects of ATP synthesis and oxidative stress. These findings may lead to more rational therapeutic strategies for CoQ10 deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3733-3743
Number of pages11
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • ATP
  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial disease
  • Respiratory chain
  • Ubiquinone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress, and cell death correlate with level of CoQ10 deficiency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Quinzii, C. M., López, L. C., Gilkerson, R. W., Dorado, B., Coku, J., Naini, A. B., Lagier-Tourenne, C., Schuelke, M., Salviati, L., Carrozzo, R., Santorelli, F., Rahman, S., Tazir, M., Koenig, M., DiMauro, S., & Hirano, M. (2010). Reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress, and cell death correlate with level of CoQ10 deficiency. FASEB Journal, 24(10), 3733-3743. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.09-152728