Reading and Writing Skills in Children With Specific Learning Disabilities With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder

Carlo Di Brina, Roberto Averna, Paola Rampoldi, Serena Rossetti, Roberta Penge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19). No differences were found in handwriting speed, but significant differences were found in handwriting quality: LD-DCD children showed a worst performance. Reading words and nonwords accuracy was more impaired in LD-only children than in LD-DCD children. Group differences suggest a poorer phonological decoding of the LD-only sample, whereas worst cursive handwriting legibility scores are typical of the motor-impaired subgroup.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-405
Number of pages15
JournalMotor Control
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning Disorders/complications
  • Male
  • Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis
  • Pilot Projects
  • Reading
  • Writing

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