Reading and Writing Skills in Children With Specific Learning Disabilities With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder

Carlo Di Brina, Roberto Averna, Paola Rampoldi, Serena Rossetti, Roberta Penge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19). No differences were found in handwriting speed, but significant differences were found in handwriting quality: LD-DCD children showed a worst performance. Reading words and nonwords accuracy was more impaired in LD-only children than in LD-DCD children. Group differences suggest a poorer phonological decoding of the LD-only sample, whereas worst cursive handwriting legibility scores are typical of the motor-impaired subgroup.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-405
Number of pages15
JournalMotor Control
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Motor Skills Disorders
Learning Disorders
Reading
Handwriting
Comorbidity
Disabled Children

Keywords

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning Disorders/complications
  • Male
  • Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis
  • Pilot Projects
  • Reading
  • Writing

Cite this

Reading and Writing Skills in Children With Specific Learning Disabilities With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder. / Di Brina, Carlo; Averna, Roberto; Rampoldi, Paola; Rossetti, Serena; Penge, Roberta.

In: Motor Control, Vol. 22, No. 4, 01.10.2018, p. 391-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Di Brina, Carlo ; Averna, Roberto ; Rampoldi, Paola ; Rossetti, Serena ; Penge, Roberta. / Reading and Writing Skills in Children With Specific Learning Disabilities With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder. In: Motor Control. 2018 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 391-405.
@article{0a871aa6f46e4224992f344113e5ae4f,
title = "Reading and Writing Skills in Children With Specific Learning Disabilities With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder",
abstract = "This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19). No differences were found in handwriting speed, but significant differences were found in handwriting quality: LD-DCD children showed a worst performance. Reading words and nonwords accuracy was more impaired in LD-only children than in LD-DCD children. Group differences suggest a poorer phonological decoding of the LD-only sample, whereas worst cursive handwriting legibility scores are typical of the motor-impaired subgroup.",
keywords = "Child, Female, Humans, Learning Disorders/complications, Male, Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis, Pilot Projects, Reading, Writing",
author = "{Di Brina}, Carlo and Roberto Averna and Paola Rampoldi and Serena Rossetti and Roberta Penge",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1123/mc.2016-0006",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "391--405",
journal = "Motor Control",
issn = "1087-1640",
publisher = "HUMAN KINETICS PUBL INC",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reading and Writing Skills in Children With Specific Learning Disabilities With and Without Developmental Coordination Disorder

AU - Di Brina, Carlo

AU - Averna, Roberto

AU - Rampoldi, Paola

AU - Rossetti, Serena

AU - Penge, Roberta

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19). No differences were found in handwriting speed, but significant differences were found in handwriting quality: LD-DCD children showed a worst performance. Reading words and nonwords accuracy was more impaired in LD-only children than in LD-DCD children. Group differences suggest a poorer phonological decoding of the LD-only sample, whereas worst cursive handwriting legibility scores are typical of the motor-impaired subgroup.

AB - This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19). No differences were found in handwriting speed, but significant differences were found in handwriting quality: LD-DCD children showed a worst performance. Reading words and nonwords accuracy was more impaired in LD-only children than in LD-DCD children. Group differences suggest a poorer phonological decoding of the LD-only sample, whereas worst cursive handwriting legibility scores are typical of the motor-impaired subgroup.

KW - Child

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Learning Disorders/complications

KW - Male

KW - Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis

KW - Pilot Projects

KW - Reading

KW - Writing

U2 - 10.1123/mc.2016-0006

DO - 10.1123/mc.2016-0006

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 391

EP - 405

JO - Motor Control

JF - Motor Control

SN - 1087-1640

IS - 4

ER -