Reading difficulties and attention-deficit/hyperactivity behaviours: Evidence of an early association in a nonclinical sample

Chiara Luoni, Umberto Balottin, Maria Zaccagnino, Laura Brembilla, Giulia Livetti, Cristiano Termine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occurs with reading disability. A cross-sectional study in an Italian-speaking, nonclinical sample was conducted in an attempt to document the existence of an early association between reading difficulties (RD) and ADHD behaviours. We recruited a sample of 369 children in their first year at primary school. Of the sample, 8.4% displayed RD; 7.0% had ADHD; 3.5% presented both RD and ADHD behaviours; 50% of the children with ADHD displayed RD; 41.9% of those with RD displayed ADHD behaviours. Low socioeconomic status was associated with a fourfold increased probability of displaying RD (odds ratio=3.98), but not ADHD behaviours. In this nonclinical sample, we detected an early association between ADHD behaviours and RD. A key role in this association may be played by inattention symptoms, which occurred with significantly increased frequency also in the group presenting only RD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-90
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Research in Reading
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

Fingerprint

ADHD
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Reading
evidence
cross-sectional study
Social Class
speaking
primary school
social status
Cross-Sectional Studies
disability
Odds Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Education

Cite this

Reading difficulties and attention-deficit/hyperactivity behaviours : Evidence of an early association in a nonclinical sample. / Luoni, Chiara; Balottin, Umberto; Zaccagnino, Maria; Brembilla, Laura; Livetti, Giulia; Termine, Cristiano.

In: Journal of Research in Reading, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.02.2015, p. 73-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Luoni, Chiara ; Balottin, Umberto ; Zaccagnino, Maria ; Brembilla, Laura ; Livetti, Giulia ; Termine, Cristiano. / Reading difficulties and attention-deficit/hyperactivity behaviours : Evidence of an early association in a nonclinical sample. In: Journal of Research in Reading. 2015 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 73-90.
@article{7ca858efc07d4c35b98836cd994c4bbc,
title = "Reading difficulties and attention-deficit/hyperactivity behaviours: Evidence of an early association in a nonclinical sample",
abstract = "Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occurs with reading disability. A cross-sectional study in an Italian-speaking, nonclinical sample was conducted in an attempt to document the existence of an early association between reading difficulties (RD) and ADHD behaviours. We recruited a sample of 369 children in their first year at primary school. Of the sample, 8.4{\%} displayed RD; 7.0{\%} had ADHD; 3.5{\%} presented both RD and ADHD behaviours; 50{\%} of the children with ADHD displayed RD; 41.9{\%} of those with RD displayed ADHD behaviours. Low socioeconomic status was associated with a fourfold increased probability of displaying RD (odds ratio=3.98), but not ADHD behaviours. In this nonclinical sample, we detected an early association between ADHD behaviours and RD. A key role in this association may be played by inattention symptoms, which occurred with significantly increased frequency also in the group presenting only RD.",
author = "Chiara Luoni and Umberto Balottin and Maria Zaccagnino and Laura Brembilla and Giulia Livetti and Cristiano Termine",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-9817.2013.01555.x",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "73--90",
journal = "Journal of Research in Reading",
issn = "0141-0423",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reading difficulties and attention-deficit/hyperactivity behaviours

T2 - Evidence of an early association in a nonclinical sample

AU - Luoni, Chiara

AU - Balottin, Umberto

AU - Zaccagnino, Maria

AU - Brembilla, Laura

AU - Livetti, Giulia

AU - Termine, Cristiano

PY - 2015/2/1

Y1 - 2015/2/1

N2 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occurs with reading disability. A cross-sectional study in an Italian-speaking, nonclinical sample was conducted in an attempt to document the existence of an early association between reading difficulties (RD) and ADHD behaviours. We recruited a sample of 369 children in their first year at primary school. Of the sample, 8.4% displayed RD; 7.0% had ADHD; 3.5% presented both RD and ADHD behaviours; 50% of the children with ADHD displayed RD; 41.9% of those with RD displayed ADHD behaviours. Low socioeconomic status was associated with a fourfold increased probability of displaying RD (odds ratio=3.98), but not ADHD behaviours. In this nonclinical sample, we detected an early association between ADHD behaviours and RD. A key role in this association may be played by inattention symptoms, which occurred with significantly increased frequency also in the group presenting only RD.

AB - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occurs with reading disability. A cross-sectional study in an Italian-speaking, nonclinical sample was conducted in an attempt to document the existence of an early association between reading difficulties (RD) and ADHD behaviours. We recruited a sample of 369 children in their first year at primary school. Of the sample, 8.4% displayed RD; 7.0% had ADHD; 3.5% presented both RD and ADHD behaviours; 50% of the children with ADHD displayed RD; 41.9% of those with RD displayed ADHD behaviours. Low socioeconomic status was associated with a fourfold increased probability of displaying RD (odds ratio=3.98), but not ADHD behaviours. In this nonclinical sample, we detected an early association between ADHD behaviours and RD. A key role in this association may be played by inattention symptoms, which occurred with significantly increased frequency also in the group presenting only RD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923265982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84923265982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-9817.2013.01555.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-9817.2013.01555.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84923265982

VL - 38

SP - 73

EP - 90

JO - Journal of Research in Reading

JF - Journal of Research in Reading

SN - 0141-0423

IS - 1

ER -