Real-Time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of patients with refractory chronic periodontitis

Simone Marconcini, Ugo Covani, Antonio Barone, Orazio Vittorio, Michele Curcio, Serena Barbuti, Fabrizio Scatena, Lamberto Felli, Claudio Nicolini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Periodontitis is a complexmultifactorial disease and is typically polygenic in origin.Genes play a fundamental part in each biologic process forming complex networks of interactions. However, only some genes have a high number of interactions with other genes in the network and may, therefore, be considered to play an important role. In a preliminary bioinformatic analysis, five genes that showed a higher number of interactions were identified and termed leader genes. In the present study, we use real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology to evaluate the expression levels of leader genes in the leukocytes of 10 patientswith refractory chronic periodontitis and compare the expression levels with those of the same genes in 24 healthy patients. Methods: Blood was collected from 24 healthy human subjects and 10 patients with refractory chronic periodontitis and placed into heparinized blood collection tubes by personnel trained in phlebotomy using a sterile technique. Blood leukocyte cells were immediately lysed by using a kit for total RNA purification from human whole blood. Complementary DNA (cDNA) synthesis was obtained from total RNA and then real-time quantitative PCR was performed. PCR efficiencies were calculated with a relative standard curve derived from a five cDNA dilution series in triplicate that gave regression coefficients >0.98 and efficiencies >96%. The standard curves were obtained using glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and growth factor receptor binding protein 2 (GRB2), casitas B-lineage lymphoma (CBL), nuclear factor-KB1 (NFKB1), and REL-A (gene for transcription factor p65) gene primers and amplified with 1.6, 8, 40, 200, and 1,000 ng/mL total cDNA. Curves obtained for each sample showed a linear relationship between RNA concentrations and the cycle threshold value of real-time quantitative PCR for all genes. Data were expressed as mean ± SE (SEM). The groupswere compared to the analysis of variance.Aprobability value

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1018-1024
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011


  • Bioinformatics
  • Genes
  • Periodontitis
  • Polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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