Real-time three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography: Technical aspects and clinical applications

Eustachio Agricola, Luigi Badano, Donato Mele, Maurizio Galderisi, Massimo Slavich, Susanna Sciomer, Stefano Nistri, Piercarlo Ballo, Antonello D'Andrea, Sergio Mondillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3DTEE) is now commonly used in daily clinical practice. The transesophageal, compared to the transthoracic approach, allows the visualization of the whole spectrum of the mitral valve apparatus and the posterior cardiac structures. Moreover, images obtained by RT 3D TEE provide a unique and complete visualization of the mitral valve prosthetic elements. Indeed, the possibility to visualize guidewires and catheters in cardiac chambers and their relationship with cardiac structures during percutaneous transcatheter procedures reduces the time of radiation exposure and simplifies the approach becoming the reference method for monitoring. This review aims to underline the potential clinical applications and the advantages of RT3DTEE compared to other methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-26
Number of pages5
JournalHeart International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Real-time transesophageal echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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