Real-world goal setting and use of outcome measures according to the international classification of functioning, disability and health: A european survey of physical therapy practice in multiple sclerosis

Kamila Řasová, Patrícia Martinková, Bernadita Soler, Jenny Freeman, Davide Cattaneo, Johanna Jonsdottir, Tori Smedal, Anders Romberg, Thomas Henze, Carme Santoyo-Medina, Peter Feys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Goal setting is a core component of physical therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS). It is unknown whether and to what extent goals are set at different levels of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and whether, and to which, standardized outcome measures are used in real life for evaluation at the different ICF levels. Our aim was to describe the real-world use of goal setting and outcome measures in Europe. An online cross-sectional survey, completed by 212 physical therapists (PTs) specialized in MS from 26 European countries, was conducted. Differences between European regions and relationships between goals and assessments were analyzed. PTs regularly set goals, but did not always apply the Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Timed (SMART) criteria. Regions did not differ in the range of activities assessed, but in goals set (e.g., Western and Northern regions set significantly more goals regarding leisure and work) and outcome measures used (e.g., the Berg Balance Scale was more frequently used in Northern regions). Quality of life was not routinely assessed, despite being viewed as an important therapy goal. Discrepancies existed both in goal setting and assessment across European regions. ICF assists in understanding these discrepancies and in guiding improved health-care for the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4774
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cluster analysis
  • Europe
  • Goals
  • International classification of functioning, disability and health
  • Measures
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Physical therapy
  • Questionnaire survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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