This study was devised to investigate immediate and delayed recency effects in anterograde amnesic patients. For this purpose, a word-list immediate recall paradigm and a modified version of the procedure devised by Baddeley and Hitch [Attention and Performance, Erlbaum, NJ, 1977] for eliciting the recency effect in delayed recall conditions was administered to a sample of amnesic patients and to a group of age-matched healthy subjects. Amnesics disclosed a fully normal recency effect in the immediate recall paradigm and a deficient recency effect in the delayed recall condition. These data, taken together with experimental evidence from a patient affected by a pure form of phonological short-term memory impairment , draw a double neuropsychological dissociation suggesting a differential origin for the two kinds of recency effects: a short-term memory output underlying enhanced recall of terminal items in immediate recall paradigms, and an ordinal retrieval strategy applied to long-term memory stored units at the root of the delayed recency effect.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Behavioral Neuroscience
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology