We have studied dopamine D2 receptor binding by [11C]raclopride positron emission tomography in 14 patents with dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD). Data were compared with 16 levodopa-treated patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 26 healthy controls. The results revealed an elevated [11C]raclopride binding index in the putamen and caudate nucleus of DRD patients compared with controls as well as a significant elevation in the candate nucleus compared with PD patients. The increase of [11C]raclopride binding may be interpreted either as reduced tracer displacement by endogenous dopamine, or as an alteration of the receptor features due to chronic dopamine deficiency. The difference in [11C]raclopride binding in DRD and PD patients in the caudate nucleus suggests that this structure may be of pathophysiological relevance in the presentation of the clinical features of both diseases.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Annals of Neurology|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
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