Background - The beneficial effects of reperfusion therapies have been limited by the amount of ischemic damage that occurs before reperfusion. To enable development of interventions to reduce cell injury, our research has focused on understanding mechanisms involved in cardiac cell death after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this context, our laboratory has been investigating the role of the receptor for advanced-glycation end products (RAGE) in myocardial I/R injury. Methods and Results - In this study we tested the hypothesis that RAGE is a key modulator of I/R injury in the myocardium. In ischemic rat hearts, expression of RAGE and its ligands was significantly enhanced. Pretreatment of rats with sRAGE, a decoy soluble part of RAGE receptor, reduced ischemic injury and improved functional recovery of myocardium. To specifically dissect the impact of RAGE, hearts from homozygous RAGE-null mice were isolated, perfused, and subjected to I/R. RAGE-null mice were strikingly protected from the adverse impact of I/R injury in the heart, as indicated by decreased release of LDH, improved functional recovery, and increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In rats and mice, activation of the RAGE axis was associated with increases in inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and levels of nitric oxide, cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), and nitrotyrosine. Conclusions - These findings demonstrate novel and key roles for RAGE in I/R injury in the heart. The findings also demonstrate that the interaction of RAGE with advanced-glycation end products affects myocardial energy metabolism and function during I/R.
- Advanced-glycation end products
- Ischemic injury
- Nitric oxide synthase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine