We report the clinical and molecular characteristics of 6 new patients with recessive hereditary methemoglobinemia due to cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency. One patient was affected by Type-II disease with cyanosis and severe progressive neurological dysfunction, whereas the others displayed the benign Type-I phenotype. Methemoglobin levels ranged from 12.1% to 26.2% and cytochrome b5 reductase activity from 0 to 10% of normal. Eight different mutations were detected among the twelve mutated alleles identified, one splicing mutation, two stop codon, and five missense. Two mutations c. 82 C>T(Gln27STOP) and c. 136 C>T(Arg45Trp) are new. Prenatal diagnosis was performed in the family with Type-II disease.
- Cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency
- DIA1 gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Molecular Medicine