Reciprocal expression of CD34 and cell adhesion molecule ELAM-1 on vascular endothelium in acute cutaneous graft-versus-host disease

J. Norton, J. P. Sloane, D. Delia, M. F. Greaves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The expression of CD34 and endothelial leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) on endothelial cells was studied in skin biopsies from normal human donors and recipients of allogeneic bone marrow. Both molecules were demonstrable on a variable number of cells in normals with no significant change after marrow transplantation in patients with no clinical evidence of skin disease. In patients with graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), however, there was a striking decrease in CD34-positive cells with a corresponding increase in ELAM-1 positivity. These changes were similar to those occurring in cultured endothelial cells after the addition of certain cytokines. They were seen only in the presence of a lymphocytic infiltrate and were not observed in the early stages of GvHD before lymphocytic infiltration was discernible. The reciprocal expression of these molecules may thus be important in the adhesion of lymphocytes to endothelium and their entry into the skin in GvHD and may be modulated by local cytokine release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-177
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pathology
Volume170
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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Keywords

  • Graft-versus-host disease
  • Leucocyte adhesion
  • Vascular endothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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