Recognition and management of acute kidney injury in the International Society of Nephrology 0by25 Global Snapshot: A multinational cross-sectional study

Ravindra L. Mehta, Emmanuel A. Burdmann, Jorge Cerdá, John Feehally, Fredric Finkelstein, Guillermo García-García, Melanie Godin, Vivekanand Jha, Norbert H. Lameire, Nathan W. Levin, Andrew Lewington, Raúl Lombardi, Etienne Macedo, Michael Rocco, Eliah Aronoff-Spencer, Marcello Tonelli, Jing Zhang, Giuseppe Remuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Epidemiological data for acute kidney injury are scarce, especially in low-income countries (LICs) and lower-middle-income countries (LMICs). We aimed to assess regional differences in acute kidney injury recognition, management, and outcomes. Methods In this multinational cross-sectional study, 322 physicians from 289 centres in 72 countries collected prospective data for paediatric and adult patients with confirmed acute kidney injury in hospital and non-hospital settings who met criteria for acute kidney injury. Signs and symptoms at presentation, comorbidities, risk factors for acute kidney injury, and process-of-care data were obtained at the start of acute kidney injury, and need for dialysis, renal recovery, and mortality recorded at 7 days, and at hospital discharge or death, whichever came earlier. We classified countries into high-income countries (HICs), upper-middle-income countries (UMICs), and combined LICs and LMICs (LLMICs) according to their 2014 gross national income per person. Findings Between Sept 29 and Dec 7, 2014, data were collected from 4018 patients. 2337 (58%) patients developed community-acquired acute kidney injury, with 889 (80%) of 1118 patients in LLMICs, 815 (51%) of 1594 in UMICs, and 663 (51%) of 1241 in HICs (for HICs vs UMICs p=0.33; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2017-2025
Number of pages9
JournalLancet
Volume387
Issue number10032
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 14 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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