Recollection and familiarity components of recognition: effect of side of mesio-temporal damage

Maria Giovanna Lombardi, Lucia Fadda, Laura Serra, Margherita Di Paola, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the memory performance of three patients with unilateral mesio-temporal lobe damage with the aim of evaluating the roles of the left and right hemispheres in recollection and familiarity. Consistent with the “Material Specificity Hypothesis”, the right brain-damaged individual was selectively poor on recollection and familiarity tests for faces. Conversely, left-lesioned patients were severely deficient in recollection and familiarity of verbal material but mildly deficient on visual-spatial tests. This partially unexpected finding is interpreted in light of the ability of humans to verbally recode almost any material, thus giving rise to left-hemisphere effects for nominally nonverbal stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalNeurocase
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2016

Keywords

  • amnesia
  • face recognition
  • familiarity
  • recollection
  • word recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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