Background and objectives: The new filgrastim formulation, BK0023, whose synthesis method is patented, was tested in a phase I clinical study that was aimed at investigating the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic equivalence and the safety of BK0023 in healthy male subjects. Methods: Single and multiple escalating doses were administered to healthy male volunteers according to a double-blind, randomised, two-way crossover design. Thirty-two subjects received subcutaneous filgrastim 2.5 µg/kg/day for 7 consecutive days in each period, 36 subjects received 5 µg/kg/day for 7 days in each period, and 22 subjects received 10 µg/kg/day for 5 days. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and CD34+ cell count were measured in whole blood as primary and secondary pharmacodynamic parameters. Filgrastim concentrations were measured in serum to calculate the primary pharmacokinetic parameters. Results: The maximum ANC and the area under the curve of the ANC after the first dose and to the end of treatment satisfied the equivalence criterion (95 % confidence intervals within 85–115 or 85–117 % in case of log-transformation). At all three dose regimens, BK0023 was also bioequivalent to the reference product in terms of pharmacokinetic profile of serum filgrastim. The frequency of the treatment-emergent adverse events did not differ significantly between treatments, with the most frequent untoward effects being back and bone pain. Conclusions: Equivalence could be established using both the baseline-adjusted values and the original unadjusted values. The tested formulation at all three dose regimens was also bioequivalent to the reference product in terms of pharmacokinetic profile.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)