Thrombolysis is the gold standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Besides its fibrinolytic role, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) holds several non-fibrinolytic functions. Here, we investigated the potential role of r-tPA on human primary neutrophil migration in vitro. By means of modified Boyden chamber migration assay and checkerboard analysis we showed a dose-dependent chemotactic effect of r-TPA with a maximum effect reached by 0.03 mg/mL (0.003–1 mg/mL). Pre-incubation with MAP kinases inhibitors allowed the identification of PI3K/Akt, but not ERK1/2 as the intracellular pathway mediating the observed effects. Furthermore, by means of real-time PCR, immunocytochemistry and cytofluorimetry we demonstrated that the r-tPA receptor low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1) is synthetized and expressed by neutrophils in response to r-tPA and TNF-α. Inhibition of LRP-1 by receptor-associated protein (RAP), prevented r-tPA-mediated F-actin polymerization, migration and signal through Akt but not ERK1/2. Lastly, also neutrophil degranulation in response to r-tPA seems to be mediated by LRP-1 under adhesion conditions. In conclusion, we show that r-tPA induces neutrophil chemotaxis through LRP-1/Akt pathway. Blunting r-tPA-mediated neutrophil activation might be beneficial as an adjuvant therapy to thrombolysis in this setting.
- Tissue plasminogen activator
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry