Fifty-two women with unexplained infertility and 55 controls with recently proved fertility were screened for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection in the blood and genital tract. Serum antibody titration was performed with indirect fluorescence. Cell cultures were performed to screen for CT in urethral and endocervical swabs, in endometrial samples taken without endocervical contamination and in salpingeal and/or peritoneal fluid samples. Anti-CT serum antibodies were detected in 36.5% of the patients; CT was isolated in urethral cultures in 26.9%, endocervical cultures in 23.1%, endometrial cultures in 25% and endosalpingeal and/or peritoneal fluid cultures in 1.9%. Comparison of the results in the patients and controls showed a significant difference in the incidence of CT infection in endometrial, urethral and endocervical cultures. Chlamydial endometritis could have been the direct cause of infertility in the patients studied or merely might have indicated endosalpingitis that was not detectable at laparoscopy.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Reproductive Medicine