Recruitment and Proliferation of T Lymphocytes Is Supported by IFNγ- and TNFα-Activated Human Osteoblasts: Involvement of CD54 (ICAM-1) and CD106 (VCAM-1) Adhesion Molecules and CXCR3 Chemokine Receptor

Gina Lisignoli, Stefania Toneguzzi, Anna Piacentini, Sandra Cristino, Luca Cattini, Francesco Grassi, Andrea Facchini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mechanism by which osteoblasts (OB) interact and modulate the phenotype and proliferation of T lymphocytes during inflammation is not well known. The effects of two regulatory cytokines, TNFα and IFNγ, on the expression of CD54 (ICAM-1) and CD106 (VCAM-1) adhesion molecules and the CXCR3 ligands (CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11), were assessed in a primary culture of human OB by real-time PCR, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry. In addition, we functionally evaluated the recruitment and proliferation of T lymphocytes grown with resting or stimulated OB. According to the present data IFNγ, either alone or in combination with TNFα, significantly up-regulates the expression of CD54 and CD106 and induces the expression and release of CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11 in OB. The supernatant of TNFα- and IFNγ-activated OB induces the recruitment of T lymphocytes more significantly than stimulation by CXCR3 ligands. T lymphocyte proliferation is significantly enhanced by direct contact with TNFα- and IFNγ-activated OB or by incubation with the supernatant of TNFα- and IFNγ-activated OB. Blocking experiments with anti-CD11a, anti-CD49d, anti-CXCR3, and Bordetella pertussis toxin demonstrate that adhesion molecules and the CXCR3 chemokine receptor play a key role in the proliferation of T lymphocytes. The present study demonstrates the involvement of adhesion molecules (CD11a and CD49d) and chemokine receptor (CXCR3) in the mechanism by which OB recruit, interact, and modulate T lymphocyte proliferation under inflammatory conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-398
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume198
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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