Forty-seven laryngeal and 21 oropharyngeal recurrences were treated with salvage surgery alone or combined with radiotherapy at the ENT Clinic and Radiotherapy Division of the University of Turin, Italy. Primary tumors had been treated with surgery alone in 10 cases (larynx) and in 21 cases (oropharynx), with combined surgery and radiotherapy in 2 and 8 patients, and with radiotherapy alone in 9 and 18 cases. We observed 26/47 (larynx) and 12/21 (oropharynx) recurrences at the site of primary tumor, 20/47 and 9/21 in loco-regional nodes, and 9/47 and 3/21 in locations adjacent to the primary tumor. Salvage treatment employed surgery alone in 12 (oropharynx) and 16 (larynx) cases; radiotherapy was combined in 9 and 31 cases. Five-year actuarial NED survival was 45.5% for laryngeal and 24% for oropharyngeal cancer patients. After salvage surgery, 50% of laryngeal lesions and only 25% of oropharyngeal recurrences were completely cured. In our series, in 2 cases only the complications caused the patient's death, while in the extant cases a prolonged postoperative hospitalization was necessary. Our study was aimed at investigating the curative potentials of secondary therapy for recurrent carcinomas. A review of the literature on the subject is reported. The small amount of published data prevents "universal" treatment protocol from being assessed. The authors suggest the opportunity of employing a multimodal treatment policy for recurrences of head and neck cancers.
|Translated title of the contribution||Recurrence after radiotherapy and/or surgery of carcinoma of the oropharynx and the pharynx. Possibilities of salvage surgery|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging