Recurrence risk in small, node-negative, early breast cancer: A multicenter retrospective analysis

T. Gamucci, A. Vaccaro, F. Ciancola, L. Pizzuti, I. Sperduti, L. Moscetti, F. Longo, M. A. Fabbri, M. A. Giampaolo, L. Mentuccia, L. Di Lauro, P. Vici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Recurrences and deaths are known to occur, even if less frequently, in small, node-negative breast cancer patients, and decision on adjuvant treatments remains controversial. In the present analysis, we evaluate recurrence risk in patients with pT1 a, b, c, node-negative, breast cancer, accordingly with some prognostic biological factors. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 900 node-negative patients (pT1a, b, c) surgery treated between 2000 and 2009 in four Italian oncologic centers. We defined 3 different cohorts: ER positive (ER+); Her-2 positive (Her-2+); and triple negative (TN). Results: pT1a was seen in 7.6% of patients, 37.7 % pT1b, 54.8 % pT1c. Concerning the 3 different cohorts, 58.2 % were ER+; 10.8 % were Her-2+; 8.2 % were TN. Overall, chemotherapy was given to 3.0 %, 27.2 %, 69.8 % of pT1a, b, c, respectively, and to 22.7 %, 58.8 %, 68.9 % of ER+, Her-2+, TN subgroups. At a median follow-up of 67 months, 5-year DFS was 96.3 %, 89.2 %, 89.4 % in pT1a, b, c, respectively (100 %, 93.6 %, 89.8 % in ER+; 100 %, 78.7 %, 85.0 % in Her-2+; 100 %, 76.8 %, 85.2 % in TN) (p = ns). At multivariate analysis, histologic grade and Ki-67 resulted independent prognostic factors. Overall, 5-year OS was 98 %, without differences among pT1a, b, c, or among the 3 cohorts. Conclusions: Overall, 5-year DFS was very favorable in this series of small, node-negative breast cancers, but Her-2+ and TN cohorts have a higher recurrence rate than ER+ cohort (p <0.0001); pT1c, but also pT1b, in Her-2+ and TN subgroups, have a worse outcome, and effective chemotherapy treatment should be considered in these unfavorable subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-860
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume139
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Node-negative
  • Prognostic biological factors
  • Recurrence risk
  • Small breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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