Recurrent obstructive hydrocephalus in a 4-month-old infant

Danilo Castellano-Chiodo, Piero Pavone, Andrea Domenico Praticò, Olga Romantshik, Andrea Rossi, Rocco Raffaele, Lorenzo Pavone, Martino Ruggieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Transient, recurrent or permanent causes of hydrocephalus in children are usually due to tumours, cerebral bleeding or colloid cysts and complications of infectious meningitis or secondary to poisoning. Recurrent, obstructive hydrocephalus is very rare. Case report: We report a 4-month-old boy who suffered at least three different episodes of obstructive hydrocephalus presumably caused by intermittent valvular blockage of the normal aqueduct cerebrospinal flow as indirectly demonstrated by serial standard and dynamic brain imaging studies. In addition, he had congenital left hydronephrosis secondary to congenital ureteropelvic junction stenosis. The child underwent an endoscopic third ventriculostomy with only transient post-surgical complications (i.e. central diabetes insipidus). Discussion: The neurological symptoms rapidly improved after surgery, and the child is currently doing well with normal psychomotor development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-136
Number of pages4
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010


  • Obstructive hydrocephalus
  • Recurrent hydrocephalus
  • Transient hydrocephalus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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