Recurrent renal cell carcinoma: clinical and prognostic value of FDG PET/CT

Pierpaolo Alongi, Maria Picchio, Fabio Zattoni, Marianna Spallino, Luigi Gianolli, Giorgio Saladini, Laura Evangelista

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of our study was 1) to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT), 2) to assess the impact of FDG PET/CT on treatment decision-making, and 3) to estimate the prognostic value of FDG PET/CT in the restaging process among patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: From the FDG PET/CT databases of San Raffaele Hospital in Milan, Italy, and the Veneto Institute of Oncology in Padua, Italy, we selected 104 patients with a certain diagnosis of RCC after surgery, and for whom at least 24 months of post-surgical FDG PET/CT, clinical, and instrumental follow-up data was available. The sensitivity and specificity of FDG PET/CT were assessed by histology and/or other imaging as standard of reference. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were computed using the Kaplan–Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify predictors of outcome. Results: FDG PET/CT resulted in a positive diagnosis in 58 patients and a negative diagnosis in 46 patients. Sensitivity and specificity were 74 % and 80 %, respectively. FDG PET/CT findings influenced therapeutic management in 45/104 cases (43 %). After a median follow-up period of 37 months (± standard deviation 12.9), 51 (49 %) patients had recurrence of disease, and 26 (25 %) had died. In analysis of OS, positive versus negative FDG PET/CT was associated with worse cumulative survival rates over a 5-year period (19 % vs. 69 %, respectively; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-473
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Multivariate analysis
  • Prognosis
  • Recurrence
  • Renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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