Diabet. Med. 27, 1178-1187 (2010) AbstractAims Beradinelli-Seip congenital generalized lipodystrophy is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by near-complete absence of adipose tissue, Herculean appearance, insulin resistance, hypoleptinaemia and diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of pioglitazone on the expression of genes involved in adipogenesis in fibroblasts from a patient with this condition due to a seipin mutation. Methods Primary cultures of fibroblasts from the skin of the patient were obtained. Fibroblasts were treated with classic adipose differentiation medium, with and without pioglitazone. Several adipogenes were evaluated by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Intracellular localization of prelamin A was studied by immunofluorescence microscopy. Results The expression of the adipogenic genes PPARG, LPL, LEP and SLC2A4 was reduced in lipodystrophic fibroblasts, while treatment with pioglitazone increased the expression of these genes. Moreover, and unexpectedly, we found an accumulation of farnesylated prelamin A in lipodystrophic fibroblasts. Conclusions The process of adipocyte differentiation is compromised in patients with Beradinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy owing to diminished expression of the regulatory genes involved, which pioglitazone treatment partially rescues. Prelamin A accumulation establishes a link with other types of familial lipodystrophies, as familial partial lipodystrophy.
- Beradinelli-Seip syndrome
- gene expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism