Reduced cardiotoxicity and comparable efficacy in a phase III trial of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin HCl (CAELYX™/Doxil®) versus conventional doxorubicin for first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer

Mary E R O'Brien, N. Wigler, M. Inbar, R. Rosso, E. Grischke, A. Santoro, R. Catane, D. G. Kieback, P. Tomczak, S. P. Ackland, F. Orlandi, L. Mellars, L. Alland, C. Tendler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study was designed to demonstrate that efficacy [progression-free survival (PFS)] of CAELYX™ [pegylated liposomal doxorubicin HCl (PLD)] is non-inferior to doxorubicin with significantly less cardiotoxicity in first-line treatment of women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Patients and methods: Women (n = 509) with MBC and normal cardiac function were randomized to receive either PLD 50 mg/m2 (every 4 weeks) or doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 (every 3 weeks). Cardiac event rates were based on reductions in left ventricular ejection fraction as a function of cumulative anthracycline dose. Results: PLD and doxorubicin were comparable with respect to PFS [6.9 versus 7.8 months, respectively; hazard ratio (HR) = 1.00; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.82-1.22]. Subgroup results were consistent. Overall risk of cardiotoxicity was significantly higher with doxorubicin than PLD (HR = 3.16; 95%CI 1.58-6.31; P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-449
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Keywords

  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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