Reduced Choriocapillaris Flow in Eyes with Type 3 Neovascularization and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

E Borrelli, EH Souied, KB Freund, G Querques, A Miere, O Gal-Or, R Sacconi, SR Sadda, D Sarraf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To study choriocapillaris (CC) flow in eyes with Type 3 neovascularization (NV) and age-related macular degeneration, using optical coherence tomography angiography analysis. METHODS: In this multicenter, retrospective, observational study, we collected data from 21 patients with unilateral Type 3 NV and age-related macular degeneration, based on clinical examination, structural optical coherence tomography, and fluorescein angiography when available. An additional group of 20 nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration eyes with unilateral Type 1 or Type 2 NV due to age-related macular degeneration was included for comparison. En face optical coherence tomography angiography imaging (3 × 3 mm scans) with quantitative microvascular analysis of the CC was performed. Main outcome measures were: 1) the percent nonperfused choriocapillaris area; and 2) the average CC signal void size. RESULTS: We included 21 patients with unilateral Type 3 NV (15 female, 71.5%) and 20 patients with unilateral Type 1 or 2 NV (9 female, 45.0% P = 0.118). Mean ± SD age was 82.1 ± 7.4 years in the unilateral Type 3 patients and 78.3 ± 8.1 in unilateral Type 1/2 NV subjects (P = 0.392). The percent nonperfused choriocapillaris area was 56.3 ± 8.1% in eyes with Type 3 NV and 51.9 ± 4.3% in the fellow eyes (P = 0.016). The average signal void size was also increased in those eyes with Type 3 NV (939.9 ± 680.9 μm), compared with the fellow eyes (616.3 ± 304.2 μm, P = 0.039). The number of signal voids was reduced in the Type 3 NV eyes (604.5 ± 282.9 vs. 747.3 ± 195.8, P = 0.046). The subfoveal choroidal thickness was 135.9 ± 54.2 μm in eyes with Type 3 NV and 167.2 ± 65.4 μm in the fellow eyes (P = 0.003). In addition, the fellow eyes of patients with unilateral Type 3 NV displayed more significant CC flow abnormalities versus the fellow eyes with unilateral Type 1/2 NV (percent nonperfused choriocapillaris area = 51.9 ± 4.3% vs. 46.0 ± 2.1%, respectively, P <0.0001; and average signal void size 616.3 ± 304.2 μm versus 351.4 ± 65.5 μm, respectively, P <0.0001; and number of signal voids 747.3 ± 195.8 vs. 998.5 ± 147.3, respectively, P <0.0001). CONCLUSION: Eyes with unilateral Type 3 NV illustrated increased CC nonperfusion versus fellow nonneovascular eyes. These results suggest that choroidal ischemia may play an important role in the development of Type 3 NV.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1968-1976
Number of pages9
JournalRetina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Reduced Choriocapillaris Flow in Eyes with Type 3 Neovascularization and Age-Related Macular Degeneration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this