Reduced Current Spread by Concentric Electrodes in Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES)

M. Bortoletto, C. Rodella, R. Salvador, P. C. Miranda, C. Miniussi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We propose the use of a new montage for transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), called concentric electrodes tDCS (CE-tDCS), involving two concentric round electrodes that may improve stimulation focality. Methods: To test efficacy and focality of CE-tDCS, we modelled the current distribution and tested physiological effects on cortical excitability. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) were recorded before and after the delivery of anodal, cathodal and sham stimulation on the FDI hotspot for 10 minutes. Results: MEP amplitude of FDI increased after anodal-tDCS and decreased after cathodal-tDCS, supporting the efficacy of CE-tDCS in modulating cortical excitability. Moreover, modelled current distribution and no significant effects of stimulation on MEP amplitude of ADM suggest high focality of CE-tDCS. Conclusions: CE-tDCS may allow a better control of current distribution and may represent a novel tool for applying tDCS and other transcranial current stimulation approaches.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Stimulation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 7 2015

Keywords

  • Electric field
  • Electrode shape
  • Focality
  • Modelling
  • Motor cortex
  • Motor evoked potentials
  • TDCS
  • TES montage
  • Transcranial direct current stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biophysics

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