The expression of the CXCR4 chemokine receptor on CD34-positive blood cells is reduced in persons with primary myelofibrosis (PMF). We analyzed the relevance of cytofluorimetric assessment of the percentage of CD34-positive blood cells that had a positive CXCR4 surface expression (CD34/CXCR4-se) in a large cohort of subjects with myeloproliferative neoplasms. Mean CD34/CXCR4-se was lower in subjects with PMF compared with those with essential thrombocythemia (ET) or polycythemia vera (PV). A cutoff value of 39% was associated with a diagnosis of pre-fibrotic PMF vs. ET with a positive predictive value of 97%. In PMF male sex, older age, and MPL mutation were independent correlates of reduced CD34/CXCR4-se and associated with a briefer interval to development of severe anemia, large splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, elevated CD34-positive blood cells, blast transformation and death. We constructed a prognostic model including age >65 years, hemoglobin < 100 g/L, CD34-positive blood cells > 50 × 106/L, and CD34/CXCR4-se <39% at diagnosis. The model identified three risk cohorts with greater accuracy compared with the International Prognostic Scoring System. In conclusion, CD34/CXCR4-se is a highly sensitive marker of disease activity and a new potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in PMF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research