BACKGROUND: A precise assessment of cup version after hip resurfacing is generally requested, especially in clinical trials or in case of complications.
AIMS: To identify which diagnostic imaging modality, between AP pelvis X-rays, the AP Pelvis CT Scout image and reduced-dose axial CT scan, is the most precise to assess cup version of an all-ceramic hip resurfacing implant in a first-in-human clinical trial.
METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the cup version of the first 20 patients who underwent an experimental all-ceramic hip resurfacing on AP pelvis X-rays (0.8 mSv of radiation), AP pelvis CT scout images (0.016 mSv) and axial CT slices performed using a reduced dose protocol (0.3 mSv). The intra-observer and inter-observer reliabilities were calculated.
RESULTS: Reduced dose Pelvis CT scan was the most precise imaging modality to detect cup version (Pearson Correlation Coefficient, PCC = 0.98, p < 0.001). The AP Pelvis CT Scout image was found to be sufficient to measure cup version within an acceptable margin of tolerance (mean difference ± 4.7° from pelvis CT scan) and highly correlated to axial pelvis CT scan measurements (PCC 0.97, p < 0.001). Analysis of cup version from AP X-rays poorly correlated with measurements from Pelvis CT (PCC 0.59, p = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS: Due to lower radiation exposure and highest accuracy, reduced dose CT is a valid modality to measure acetabular cup version after ceramic hip resurfacing. Plain X-rays are not accurate nor precise to measure version, whereas high agreement of measurements between AP Pelvis CT Scout and axial pelvis CT scan was found.
- CT scout view
- CT/low dose
- Hip joint/cup version
- Hip joint/replacement
- Hip joint/resurfacing