Reduced growth hormone response to growth hormone-releasing hormone in children with simple obesity: Evidence for somatomedin-C mediated inhibition

S. Loche, M. Cappa, P. Borrelli, A. Faedda, A. Crinò, S. G. Cella, R. Corda, E. E. Müller, C. Pintor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have evaluated the plasma GH response to a single injection of 1 μg/kg of GH-releasing hormone (GHRH)-40 in 15 obese children and 15 age-matched control children. Most of the obese children showed a subnormal plasma GH response to GHRH and the mean plasma GH integrated area (IC-GH) following stimulation was significantly smaller in obese than control children. Plasma somatomedin-C (SM-C) levels were significantly higher in obese than control children, and were negatively correlated with the peak plasma GH levels (r = -0.616, P <0.01) and the IC-GH (r = -0.554, P <0.02) after GHRH. Non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and fasting plasma insulin levels were also elevated in obese children, but did not correlate with the extent of plasma GH response to GHRH. These data confirm previous observations on the refractoriness of obese children to release GH after GHRH, and imply that it may be due to the feedback inhibition operated by the elevated plasma levels of SM-C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Volume27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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