The protective role of folate in vascular disease has been related to antioxidant effects. In 45 patients with previous early-onset (at age 2α (8-iso-PGF 2α), a reliable marker of oxidative stress. At baseline, patients' fasting total homocysteine (tHcy) was 11.5 μmol/l (geometric mean) and urinary excretion of 8-iso-PGF2α was 304 pg/mg creatinine, with the highest metabolite levels in the lowest quartile of plasma folate distribution (P <0.05). After 5-MTHF supplementation, plasma folate levels increased approximately 13-fold (P <0.0001 versus baseline); tHcy levels (6.7 μmol/l, P <0.0001) and urinary 8-iso-PGF2α (254 pg/mg creatinine, P <0.001) were both significantly lowered, their reduction being proportional to baseline values (r = 0.98 and r = 0.77, respectively) and maximal in patients with the lowest pre-supplementation folate levels (P <0.05). The effects on folate (P <0.0001) and tHcy (P = 0.0004) persisted for at least up to 2 months after withdrawing 5-MTHF. In parallel with long-lasting tHcy-lowering effects, a short-course 5-MTHF supplementation reduces in vivo formation of 8-iso-PGF2α in this population, supporting the antioxidant protective effects of folate in vascular disease.
- 5, 10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase
- Oxidative stress
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