Background: We analysed the feasibility and efficacy of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in patients with refractory or progressive Hodgkin's disease (HD) after high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT). Patients and methods: Fourteen patients with HD received allo-SCT with RIC: eleven patients had a human leucocytes antigen-identical related donor and three a matched unrelated donor. Six had chemoresistant disease and eight had chemosensitive one at the time of transplantation. All patients received a fludarabine-based RIC. Results: All patients engrafted and full donor chimerism was achieved in all patients. Grade II acute graft-vs.-host disease (GvHD) developed in six of the 14 patients (43%). Chronic GvHD developed in eight of the 13 patients (61%). There was neither early nor late treatment-related mortality (TRM). With a median follow-up of 21 months (range 3-74), 10 of the 14 patients were alive (71%). Estimated overall survival at 1 and 2 yr was 93% and 73%, respectively, for the whole population, 83% and 44% respectively for patients with chemoresistant disease and 100% for those with chemosensitive disease. Estimated progression-free survival at 1 yr was 36%; 62.5% for chemosensitive patients and 0% for those with chemoresistant disease. Conclusions: In conclusion, allo-SCT with fludarabine-based RIC is a feasible procedure, without TRM in HD patients relapsed and refractory after HDCT. Even if several questions are still open, this approach should proposed for these poor prognosis patients.
- Chemorefractory Hodgkin's disease
- High-dose chemotherapy
- Reduced-intensity allogeneic transplantation
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