Reduced-intensity conditioning with Fludarabin, oral Busulfan, and thymoglobulin allows long-term disease control and low transplant-related mortality in patients with hematological malignancies

Didier Blaise, Laure Farnault, Catherine Faucher, Nicholas Marchetti, Sabine Fürst, Jean El Cheikh, Patrick Ladaique, Norbert Vey, Reda Bouabdallah, Anne Marie Stoppa, Claude Lemarie, Boris Calmels, Thomas Prebet, Luca Castagna, Christian Chabannon, Mohamad Mohty, Benjamin Esterni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The development of reduced-intensity conditioning regimens rather than myeloablative regimens for allogeneic stem cell transplantation has led to decreased treatment-related mortality and increased use of this treatment modality, especially in older patients with hematological malignancies. No randomized controlled trials have been performed resulting in determining effectiveness on phase II studies, which rarely report on long-term survival. Materials and Methods: In an attempt to address this limitation, we analyzed a single-center cohort of 100 consecutive patients with hematological malignancies undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantatioon from a human leukocyte antigen-matched related donor with median follow-up of 60 months. The reduced-intensity conditioning regimen consisted of oral Busulfan, rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin, and Fludarabin. Results: Median age was 50 years (range, 18-64 years). The incidences of acute and chronic graft-vs.-host disease were 43% and 81%, respectively. The probability of nonrelapse mortality at 1 and 5 years was 15% and 25%, respectively. Nonrelapse mortality was adversely associated with acute graft-vs.-host disease (hazard ratio = 6; p = 0.0002). Of the 52 patients with measurable disease, 37 (71%) achieved a response. Relapse/progression occurred at a median of 11 months (range 1-52 months) in 21 patients, for a cumulative incidence of 22%. The probability of overall survival and progression-free survival at 5 years were 60% and 54%, respectively. Overall survival and progression-free survival were favorably influenced by having had previous autologous stem cell transplantation and a low CD34+ cell dose. Overall survival, progression-free survival, and nonrelapse mortality improved over time in this cohort of patients. Conclusions: These results are encouraging for populations different in term of age, diagnosis, and disease status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1241-1250
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology

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