Reducing Competitive Victimhood in Kosovo: The Role of Extended Contact and Common Ingroup Identity

Luca Andrighetto, Silvia Mari, Chiara Volpato, Burim Behluli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During intractable conflicts, "competitive victimhood" refers to the subjective belief that one's own ingroup has suffered more than the outgroup. Although competitive victimhood is considered an important inhibitor of reconciliation processes, no research has attempted to examine ways of reducing it. The present study aims to fill this gap. Kosovar Albanians students (N=170) were asked to report their perception of ingroup and outgroup victimhood during the protracted violence between Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo. Our findings revealed that frequent and high-quality extended contact with outgroup members and identification with a common ingroup reduced competitive victimhood. The effects of extended contact and common ingroup identification were fully mediated by increased perspective taking and trust toward the outgroup, and by decreased outgroup infrahumanization. The implications of these results for restoring fractured intergroup relations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-529
Number of pages17
JournalPolitical Psychology
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Common ingroup identity
  • Competitive victimhood
  • Extended contact
  • Intergroup reconciliation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Philosophy

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