Reducing Mortality in Cardiac Surgery With Levosimendan: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Giovanni Landoni, Anna Mizzi, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Giovanna Bruno, Elena Bignami, Laura Corno, Massimo Zambon, Chiara Gerli, Alberto Zangrillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The authors performed a meta-analysis to evaluate whether levosimendan is associated with improved survival in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Design: A meta-analysis. Setting: Hospitals. Participants: A total of 440 patients from 10 randomized controlled studies were included in the analysis. Interventions: None. Measurments and Main Results: Four investigators independently searched BioMedCentral and PubMed. Inclusion criteria were random allocation to treatment, comparison of levosimendan versus control, and cardiac surgery patients. Exclusion criteria were duplicate publications, nonhuman experimental studies, and no mortality data. The primary endpoint was postoperative mortality. Levosimendan was associated with a significant reduction in postoperative mortality (11/235 [4.7%] in the levosimendan group v 26/205 [12.7%] in the control arm, odds ratio = 0.35 [0.18-0.71], p for effect = 0.003, p for heterogeneity = 0.22, I2 = 27.4% with 440 patients included), cardiac troponin release, and atrial fibrillation. No difference was found in terms of myocardial infarction, acute renal failure, time on mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit, and hospital stay. Conclusions: Levosimendan has cardioprotective effects that could result in a reduced postoperative mortality. A large randomized controlled study is warranted in this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


  • cardiac anesthesia
  • cardiac biomarker
  • cardiac surgery
  • inotropic drug
  • levosimendan
  • meta-analysis
  • mortality
  • troponin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Reducing Mortality in Cardiac Surgery With Levosimendan: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this