Bariatric surgery is considered as a first line treatment in extreme obese patients to achieve a reduction in health risks. However, after surgical procedure obese patients with normal blood pressure (BP) levels still present residual risk, which may be partly related to lack of correction of BP profile and variability.
AIM: To evaluate short (10 days) and mid-term (6 months) changes of mean values, profile and variability of BP after bariatric surgery in extremely obese patients with and without hypertension.
MATERIALS & METHODS: A follow-up of cross-sectional study was conducted in 90 obese patients (aged 41.7 ± 11.3, BMI = 46.7 ± 5.7 kg/m2), who met the eligibility criteria and underwent bariatric surgery. Each patient underwent 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring with profile and variability estimation before, 10 days and 6 months after the intervention.
RESULTS: Sixty-seven (74.4%) patients had hypertension. Significant decrease from baseline in mean values of systolic and diastolic BP in 10 days (p < .005) and 6 months (p < .005) follow-up were observed only in patients with hypertension. Moreover, only hypertensive subjects revealed significant reduction (p < 0,05) from baseline in 24-h systolic and diastolic BP weighted standard deviation and average real variability after surgical procedure. No changes were found in dipping status.
CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery not only decreased BP levels, but also contributed to reduction in BP variability in early period after intervention mainly in patients with pre-existing hypertension.