Reference ranges of filling time and systolic-to-diastolic time index of the left ventricle, right ventricle, and interventricular septum using both spectral and tissue Doppler of fetal heart between 20 and 36 + 6 weeks of gestation

Alberto Borges Peixoto, Nathalie Jeanne Magioli Bravo-Valenzuela, Wellington P Martins, Rosiane Mattar, Antonio Fernandes Moron, David Baptista da Silva Pares, Gabriele Tonni, Edward Araujo Júnior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the reference ranges for filling time (FT) and systolic-to-diastolic time index (SDI) of the left ventricle (LV) by using spectral Doppler, and FT' and SDI' of the LV, right ventricle, and interventricular septum (IVS) by using tissue Doppler of the fetal heart.

STUDY DESIGN: This prospective and cross-sectional study included 360 low-risk singleton pregnancies between 20 and 36 + 6 weeks of gestation. The SDI/SDI' is the sum of the ejection time, isovolumic contraction time, and isovolumic relaxation time (IRT) divided by the FT. We measured FT/FT' from the beginning of the opening click of the E wave of the mitral valve to the closing click of the A wave of the mitral valve. We used regression analysis to obtain the best-fit model polynomial equation for the parameters. Additionally, we assessed intra- and inter-observer reproducibility by using concordance correlation coefficient (CCC).

RESULTS: There was a weak correlation among FT LV (r = 0.31, p < 0.0001), SDI LV (r = -0.23, p < 0.0001), and gestational age (GA). Additionally, there was a very weak positive correlation among FT' RV (r = 0.09, p = 0.0001), FT' LV (r = 0.07, p < 0.0001), FT' IVS (r = 0,08, p < 0.0001), and GA. In contrast, there was a very weak negative correlation among SDI' LV (r=-0.09, p < 0.0001), SDI' IVS (r=-0.05, p < 0.0021), and GA. There was no significative correlation between SDI' RV (r=-0.06, p < 0.081) and GA. Poor/very poor intra- and inter-observer reliability was observed for all the parameters (CCC = 0.19-0.79), whereas moderate intra- and inter-observer agreement was observed for all parameters (CCC = 0.37-0.72).

CONCLUSIONS: The reference ranges for FT and SDI were determined by using spectral and tissue Doppler of the fetal heart and showed a poor reproducibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-372
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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