Reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new functional parameters by MR: A multicenter, multivendor study

Giovanni Donato Aquaro, Giovanni Camastra, Lorenzo Monti, Massimo Lombardi, Alessia Pepe, Silvia Castelletti, Viviana Maestrini, Giancarlo Todiere, Piergiorgio Masci, Gabriella di Giovine, Andrea Barison, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Gianluca Pontone, Gianluca Di Bella, working group “Applicazioni della Risonanza Magnetica” of the Italian Society of Cardiology

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To define reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new morpho-functional parameters normalized for age, gender, and body surface area by cine-bSSFP (balanced steady-state free-precession) magnetic resonance (MR).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 308 healthy subjects subdivided by gender and by six age classes: class I, >15-20 years; class II, >20-30 years; class III, >30-40 years; class IV, >40-50 years; class V, >50-60 years; and class VI >60 years. Dimensional, volumetric and morpho-functional parameters of the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles were measured using cine-bSSFP MRI at 1.5T.

RESULTS: The LV and RV end-diastolic volume indexes (EDVi) were inversely related to age (P < 0.0001 r = -0.34 and P < 0.0001 r = -0.37, respectively). In addition, the LV mass index decreased with age (P = 0.0004, r = -0.21). The LV longitudinal shortening was not significantly different among groups: ≥15% in all populations (95% confidence interval [CI]: 16-31). The sphericity index measured in end-diastole was higher in females than in males (P < 0.03): the upper limit was 40% for males and 42% for females. The normality cutoff of LV global function index was ≥33% in males and ≥35% in females. The end-diastolic volume (EDV) of RV and LV was balanced (RV/LV ratio 0.85-1.15) without differences in the population. The LV EDV/mass was 1.0-1.8 in males and 1.0-2.1 in females.

CONCLUSION: This study provides potential age- and gender-specific reference.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;45:1055-1067.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1067
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

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Cardiac Volume
Multicenter Studies
Reference Values
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Cine Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Diastole
Body Surface Area
Population
Heart Ventricles
Healthy Volunteers
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Aquaro, G. D., Camastra, G., Monti, L., Lombardi, M., Pepe, A., Castelletti, S., ... working group “Applicazioni della Risonanza Magnetica” of the Italian Society of Cardiology (2017). Reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new functional parameters by MR: A multicenter, multivendor study. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 45(4), 1055-1067. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.25450

Reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new functional parameters by MR : A multicenter, multivendor study. / Aquaro, Giovanni Donato; Camastra, Giovanni; Monti, Lorenzo; Lombardi, Massimo; Pepe, Alessia; Castelletti, Silvia; Maestrini, Viviana; Todiere, Giancarlo; Masci, Piergiorgio; di Giovine, Gabriella; Barison, Andrea; Dellegrottaglie, Santo; Perazzolo Marra, Martina; Pontone, Gianluca; Di Bella, Gianluca; working group “Applicazioni della Risonanza Magnetica” of the Italian Society of Cardiology.

In: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Vol. 45, No. 4, 04.2017, p. 1055-1067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aquaro, GD, Camastra, G, Monti, L, Lombardi, M, Pepe, A, Castelletti, S, Maestrini, V, Todiere, G, Masci, P, di Giovine, G, Barison, A, Dellegrottaglie, S, Perazzolo Marra, M, Pontone, G, Di Bella, G & working group “Applicazioni della Risonanza Magnetica” of the Italian Society of Cardiology 2017, 'Reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new functional parameters by MR: A multicenter, multivendor study', Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1055-1067. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.25450
Aquaro, Giovanni Donato ; Camastra, Giovanni ; Monti, Lorenzo ; Lombardi, Massimo ; Pepe, Alessia ; Castelletti, Silvia ; Maestrini, Viviana ; Todiere, Giancarlo ; Masci, Piergiorgio ; di Giovine, Gabriella ; Barison, Andrea ; Dellegrottaglie, Santo ; Perazzolo Marra, Martina ; Pontone, Gianluca ; Di Bella, Gianluca ; working group “Applicazioni della Risonanza Magnetica” of the Italian Society of Cardiology. / Reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new functional parameters by MR : A multicenter, multivendor study. In: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 2017 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 1055-1067.
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T1 - Reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new functional parameters by MR

T2 - A multicenter, multivendor study

AU - Aquaro, Giovanni Donato

AU - Camastra, Giovanni

AU - Monti, Lorenzo

AU - Lombardi, Massimo

AU - Pepe, Alessia

AU - Castelletti, Silvia

AU - Maestrini, Viviana

AU - Todiere, Giancarlo

AU - Masci, Piergiorgio

AU - di Giovine, Gabriella

AU - Barison, Andrea

AU - Dellegrottaglie, Santo

AU - Perazzolo Marra, Martina

AU - Pontone, Gianluca

AU - Di Bella, Gianluca

AU - working group “Applicazioni della Risonanza Magnetica” of the Italian Society of Cardiology

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N2 - PURPOSE: To define reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new morpho-functional parameters normalized for age, gender, and body surface area by cine-bSSFP (balanced steady-state free-precession) magnetic resonance (MR).MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 308 healthy subjects subdivided by gender and by six age classes: class I, >15-20 years; class II, >20-30 years; class III, >30-40 years; class IV, >40-50 years; class V, >50-60 years; and class VI >60 years. Dimensional, volumetric and morpho-functional parameters of the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles were measured using cine-bSSFP MRI at 1.5T.RESULTS: The LV and RV end-diastolic volume indexes (EDVi) were inversely related to age (P < 0.0001 r = -0.34 and P < 0.0001 r = -0.37, respectively). In addition, the LV mass index decreased with age (P = 0.0004, r = -0.21). The LV longitudinal shortening was not significantly different among groups: ≥15% in all populations (95% confidence interval [CI]: 16-31). The sphericity index measured in end-diastole was higher in females than in males (P < 0.03): the upper limit was 40% for males and 42% for females. The normality cutoff of LV global function index was ≥33% in males and ≥35% in females. The end-diastolic volume (EDV) of RV and LV was balanced (RV/LV ratio 0.85-1.15) without differences in the population. The LV EDV/mass was 1.0-1.8 in males and 1.0-2.1 in females.CONCLUSION: This study provides potential age- and gender-specific reference.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;45:1055-1067.

AB - PURPOSE: To define reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new morpho-functional parameters normalized for age, gender, and body surface area by cine-bSSFP (balanced steady-state free-precession) magnetic resonance (MR).MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 308 healthy subjects subdivided by gender and by six age classes: class I, >15-20 years; class II, >20-30 years; class III, >30-40 years; class IV, >40-50 years; class V, >50-60 years; and class VI >60 years. Dimensional, volumetric and morpho-functional parameters of the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles were measured using cine-bSSFP MRI at 1.5T.RESULTS: The LV and RV end-diastolic volume indexes (EDVi) were inversely related to age (P < 0.0001 r = -0.34 and P < 0.0001 r = -0.37, respectively). In addition, the LV mass index decreased with age (P = 0.0004, r = -0.21). The LV longitudinal shortening was not significantly different among groups: ≥15% in all populations (95% confidence interval [CI]: 16-31). The sphericity index measured in end-diastole was higher in females than in males (P < 0.03): the upper limit was 40% for males and 42% for females. The normality cutoff of LV global function index was ≥33% in males and ≥35% in females. The end-diastolic volume (EDV) of RV and LV was balanced (RV/LV ratio 0.85-1.15) without differences in the population. The LV EDV/mass was 1.0-1.8 in males and 1.0-2.1 in females.CONCLUSION: This study provides potential age- and gender-specific reference.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;45:1055-1067.

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